Humanity has long benefited enormously from space technologies, especially in the field of communications, navigation, atmospheric and subsoil observation. However, their further development can bring us much more benefit..
Positive impact today
Over the past 60 years, more than 8100 have been launched into Earth’s orbit, 135 spacecraft have been sent to the Moon and the ISS has been built. Each of these projects is worth millions of dollars. The use of space technology, important tasks in our daily life, affecting government, industry and personal decisions..
Accurate weather forecasting using orbital systems saves thousands of lives every year by alerting people to natural disasters. Land monitoring provides us with useful information for efficient farming, fisheries and forestry management, and monitoring harmful activities and pollution…
5 Space Technologies that Will Amaze You
Space communication capabilities Positive for all aspects of civilization. Satellite technology has already revolutionized banking, finance, telecommunications, making international calls, video streaming, multimedia and radio commonplace..
Global navigation systems that can determine location with an accuracy of a few centimeters anywhere on the earth’s surface, impact on logistics, military operations, power grids, industry and many other areas.
Beyond commercial satellite services, the space industry itself is in the process of going beyond limited government budgets, opening up new economic opportunities, not just for those in the sector…
In addition to the economy, new discoveries and achievements in this area stimulate young people, stimulate the development of science, technology and art..
Joint space projects between countries are sometimes the only positive force against mutual suspicion and geopolitical rivalry. ISS is a prime example.
There are currently over 2,000 examples of space technology..
Prospects for the next 5-20 years
Constellations of satellite communications, that plan to launch into low orbit will benefit end users of business services in various sectors of the economy. SpaceX, OneWeb, Telesat, Amazon have already announced plans to create such projects. and Samsung.
Researchers on the ISS and some private companies are starting to develop orbital production projects. They ensure the creation of products that are more profitable to manufacture in microgravity than on Earth. These include ZBLAN fiber optic material, bioprinting, industrial crystallization, superalloy casting and ceramic stereolithography..
The first supersonic air transport appeared in the 1970s, but recently several companies have begun to explore the technology of hypersonic aircraft and suborbital flights… This area of development includes space tourism and comfortable orbital hotels..
With the growth of the space environment, humanity realizes that asteroids can do great harm.. An early warning system is the first step, but technologies for their rejection are already being developed..
In open space, sunlight is not filtered by the earth’s atmosphere. The collected energy will be transmitted in video or laser beams to terrestrial receivers, converting it into electricity. China has already announced development such a system.
Many researchers are discussing the prospects for transferring data processing into space. In addition to saving on cooling (vacuum can be used as a heat insulator), they can be powered by solar panels around the clock, and hard drives are better in microgravity.
Economists predict that space mining will soon be the next gold rush and create the first trillionaires. The extracted water can be used as fuel, and valuable minerals and elements for orbital construction and production. At the same time, mining methods will differ from terrestrial ones due to the surrounding conditions and higher values in asteroids..
The limited physical resources and the high cost of operating space stimulate the improvement of systems for recirculating gases, water, nutrients, materials necessary for life support, as well as organic farming methods. Technologies for more efficient use of limited resources can be used on Earth.
How space technology is benefiting Earth
Potential in the more distant future
Widespread in the long term. The development of space industrialization creates global structures such as «canopy» to control the level of solar radiation and incoming light to control the temperature of the atmosphere.
In some cases, human gravity can have a positive effect on the body. For example, diseases associated with obesity and joint pain can be partially or even completely eliminated under microgravity conditions on the Moon, Mars or an orbital station..
The assimilation of distant worlds by humanity will open up opportunities for social, economic and political experiments. Creating an enabling environment for biodiversity..
text: Ilya Bauer, photo: Shutterstock, ArtStation