International Research Team Successfully Tests Key Technology to Create Next-Generation High-Energy Particle Accelerator.
Particle accelerators are used to identify materials in colliders, chemical structures, cancer treatments, and the fabrication of silicon microchips. Until now, they have been accelerated by protons, electrons and ions.., which will make it possible to obtain the energy of colliding particles ten times greater than in the Large Hadron Collider.
To do this, first shoot a beam of protons at the target., from which they break into fragments, among which there are muons. Further their separated from other particles and passed through a series of magnetic lenses. However, the collected muons form a scattered cloud, so they will collide with each other when accelerating and cause interesting physical phenomena, remain low.
For reduce cloud diffusion a process called beam cooling is used, which involves the approach of muons and movement in the same direction. The problem is that, until now, magnetic lenses could only bring muons closer together or make them move in the same direction, but not both functions at the same time..
Physicists solved this problem by cooling muons and passing them through specially designed energy-absorbing materials…
After the muon clouds are compacted, they can be accelerated using a conventional particle accelerator. In addition, cold muons can be slowed down, making it possible to study their decay products..
We also previously reported that physicists are one step closer to creating a gamma laser.
2017 08 01 Particle Accelerator The next generation of particle accelerators V8
text: Ilya Bauer, photo: Imperial College London
Building New Particle Accelerators